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High Resolution Forest Change for Canada

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General Map Navigation

The NFIS high resolution forest change for Canada map page is fully interactive. You can zoom in, zoom out, and pan around the map by clicking on it and dragging. The controls for zooming in and out are on the top left of the map.

Viewing Change Information

Some locations on the Map hold information on Canada's forest change. To view this information, simply click on the map and the information will be displayed below, if available.

Other Buttons

The layer selector on the top right of the map allows you to change the order, toggle on/off, and change opacity of all layers associated with that map.

The legend button will display a legend graphic for all layers currently VISIBLE on the map, if available.


The forest change data included in this product is national in scope (entire forested ecosystem) and represents the first wall-to-wall characterization of wildfire and harvest in Canada at a spatial resolution commensurate with human impacts. The information outcomes represent 25 years of stand replacing change in Canada.s forests, derived from a single, consistent spatially-explicit data source, derived in a fully automated manner. This demonstrated capacity to characterize forests at a resolution that captures human impacts is key to establishing a baseline for detailed monitoring of forested ecosystems from management and science perspectives. Time series of Landsat data were used to characterize national trends in stand replacing forest disturbances caused by wildfire and harvest for the period 1985-2010 for Canada's 650 million hectare forested ecosystems (White et al. 2017). Landsat data has a 30m spatial resolution, so the change information is highly detailed and is commensurate with that of human impacts. These data represent annual stand replacing forest changes. The stand replacing disturbances types labeled are wildfire and harvest, with lower confidence wildfire and harvest, also shared. The distinction and sharing of lower class membership likelihoods is to indicate to users that some change events were more difficult to allocate to a change type, but are generally found to be in the correct category. For an overview on the data, image processing, and time series change detection methods applied, as well as information on independent accuracy assessment of the data, see Hermosilla et al. (2016)). The data available is, 1. a binary change/no-change; 2. Change year; and, 3. Change type. When using this data, please cite as: White, J.C., M.A. Wulder, T. Hermosilla, N.C. Coops, and G. Hobart. (2017). A nationwide annual characterization of 25 years of forest disturbance and recovery for Canada using Landsat time series. Remote Sensing of Environment. 192: 303-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.03.035

World Imagery (background graphic) provided by ESRI Web services with sources from Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN and the GIS User Community

The science and methods developed to generate the information outcomes shown here, that track and characterize the history of Canada’s forests, were led by Canadian Forest Service of Natural Resources Canada, partnered with the University of British Columbia, with support from the Canadian Space Agency, augmented by processing capacity from WestGrid of Compute Canada.

Download the data here: Binary change/no-Change (GeoTif, 207MB), Change year (GeoTif, 258MB), Change type (GeoTif, 228MB)